Disability (GLOBAL ISSUES)


Cognitive limitation is a form of impairment which affects our human brain. It involves deficiencies in the higher level of functions carried out by our brain. Cognitive disorder which can also be referred to as neurocognitive disorder is a mental disorder which affects our cognitive abilities.

Some of the common cognitive conditions are:

  1. Dementia
  2. Mental limitation
  3. Intellectual Limitation
  4. Amnesia
  5. Autism Spectrum Disorder


The Causes of Cognitive Disorder

Cognitive disorder can be caused by several factors which include Hormonal imbalances, genetic predisposition, and environmental factors and can also be a hereditary situation.



Dementia is a decline in memory and is a progressive decrease in cognitive ability due to brain damage or disease. This is a group of conditions characterized by impairment of at least two brain functions.

Symptoms include Memory loss, difficulty with thinking and reasoning clearly, old changes, etc. This is separate from normal aging impacts on cognitive ability. Alzheimer’s disease is the is the most common when we talk of dementia dementia, including Parkinson’s disease.



 This is a collection of cognitive limitations that affect a person’s ability to function in everyday areas. It an impairment that is diagnosed by looking at the ability of a person’s brain to think, learn, solve problems and whether the person has the skills to live independently.

Some of the specific diagnoses include anxiety, depression, personality or behavioral disorders and schizophrenia.



Intellectual disability is in three major forms which is Limitations in adaptive behavior, limitations in intellectual functioning and the onset before age 18.

Intellectual limitation refers to actual impediments to information processing by the brain input of information, information memory, information integration and output of information.






People with autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) demonstrate deficits in social interaction, deficits in verbal and non-verbal communication and often exhibit repetitive behaviours and intense interest in one subject. In +addition, they can have exaggerated responses to sensory experiences, such as certain sounds or the way objects look.




Amnesia refers to the loss of memories, such as facts, information and experiences. Though forgetting your identity is a common plot device in movies and television, that’s not generally the case in real-life amnesia. Instead, people with amnesia have problem learning new information and forming new memories.

Cognitive limitation can affect anyone whether a yet to be born baby or an adult.

There have not been any an underlying treatment to cure such situation in a 100%























































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